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CO2 Capture

Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions


Authors : BROUTIN Paul

BROUTIN Paul

Paul Broutin is graduated from the École Nationale Supérieure des Industries Chimiques (ENSIC-Nancy), he is a research engineer at IFP and "CO2 capture" project manager. He also acts as coordinator for the ANR CapCO2, Gascogne and ACACIA 31 research projects (post-combustion CO2 capture).

, LEBAS Etienne

LEBAS Etienne

Etienne Lebas is graduated from the École Nationale Supérieure des Industries Chimiques (ENSIC-Nancy) and was awarded a PhD in process engineering by the Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine. He has been project manager at IFP where, in particular, he coordinated several collaborative research projects in the field of oxy-combustion CO2 capture. He is currently president of Ecoren, a company specialised in biomass combustion.

, LECOMTE Fabrice

LECOMTE Fabrice

Fabrice Lecomte is graduated from the École Supérieure de Chimie Organique et Minérale (ESCOM) and from the École Nationale Supérieure du Pétrole et des Moteurs (ENSPM/IFP School). He holds a DEA in process engineering awarded by the Université de Technologie of Compiègne (UTC). He was project manager at IFP in the field of gas treatment and before that participated in several gas projects as process engineer for Total. He is currently special representative with IFP general management.


ISBN : 9782710809487
trade paperback      170 x 240 mm      208 pages
Publication date : August 2010

American buyersAmerican buyers


capture and geological storage (CCS) is now recognised as being one of the pathways that can be implemented to reduce CO2 emissions and fight against global warming. But where, how and at what price can CO2 be captured? This book attempts to provide the answers to these questions, reviewing the state of the art of the technologies required. It presents the three main pathways considered in which the CO2 capture technologies are expected to be implemented, respectively: the post-combustion pathway, in which the CO2 contained in industrial flue gases is extracted; the oxy-combustion pathway, in which combustion is performed in oxygen to obtain flue gases with high CO2 concentration; and lastly the pre-combustion pathway, in which carbon is extracted from the initial fuel to generate hydrogen, whose combustion will produce only water vapour. The book introduces, for each pathway, the technologies currently available and those under development. It is intended for everyone wanting to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms implemented in CO2 capture operations, as well as the technological and economic challenges to be met to ensure that the costs generated by these operations are no longer an obstacle to their worldwide generalisation.

 

This book is available in English under the title " Le captage du CO2".


Contents :


1. Why capture and store CO2? Global warming. How to reduce CO2 emissions. Main links of the CCS chain. 2. Where capture CO2? CO2 fixed emission sources worldwide. Fixed sources in France. CO2 capture potential in France. 3. Post-Combustion CO2 capture. Principles and stakes. Characteristics of post-combustion flue gases. Separation techniques potentially suitable for post-combustion CO2 capture. Technologies under development for post-combustion CO2 Capture. CO2 conditioning. Conclusion. 4. Oxy-combustion CO2 capture. Principles and stakes. Oxy-combustion. Chemical looping combustion. CO2 conditioning. Demonstrations. 5. Pre-combustion CO2 capture. Principles and stakes. Syngas production. Water-gas shift reaction. CO2 extraction. CO2 conditioning. Hydrogen combustion. Integrated power production processes with pre-combustion CO2 capture. 6. Capture and store CO2: at what cost? Calculation bases. CO2 capture costs. CO2 transport costs. CO2 storage costs. Trend in the cost of the CCS chain – Power production. Variability of CCS chain costs. Application to existing installations. Conclusion. Appendix.

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